Philosophy of Education



General and Introductory Materials 




Divisions of philosophy


        From Philosophy Class

1.      Analytic philosophy aims at precision and clarity, taking as its model the formal or empirical sciences

a.       Frege

b.      Moore

c.       Russell

d.      C. D. Broad

2.      Continental philosophy aims at historical depth and hermeneutical generality, taking a humanistic and value-oriented approach

a.       Heidegger

b.      Cassierer

c.       Gadamer

d.      Croce

e.       Sartre

3.      Process philosophy concerned with issues of priority and significance, of interpersonal action and interaction, and of larger human concerns

a.       Tendency to place process philosophy within the continental philosophy group

                                                               i.      Precursors

1.      Leibniz

2.      Hegel

                                                             ii.      Americans influenced by continental thinking

1.       Peirce

2.        Whitehead articulated position in terms of physics

3.        Hartshorne

                                                            iii.      Other process philosophers

1.      Bergson organic processes as central (biology); other sorts of processes as modeled on or superengrafted upon them

2.      William James based processes on psychological model; saw human thought as idealistically pragmatic

3.      John Dewey based processes on sociocultural interactions

                                                           iv.      Antiprocessists principally recruited from analytic thinking

1.      Ramsey

2.      Quine

3.      Strawson

b.      Major issues these are quintessentially analytical in character

                                                               i.      How does the concept of process work?

                                                             ii.      What is the nature of a process?

                                                            iii.      How is the conception of a process bound up with that of time?

                                                           iv.      How is the temporal aspect of processes to be understood?

                                                             v.      What is involved with the existence of processes? How are we to understand the claim that a center process actually exists?

                                                           vi.      What sorts of processes are there? How are the processes to be classified, and what is the typology of process?

c.       Unity of process philosophy is not doctrinal but thematic

d.      Satisfactory articulation of process philosophy requires the

                                                               i.      evaluative appraisal and historical contextualization that characterizes Continental philosophy

                                                             ii.      conceptual clarification and explanatory systematization that characterizes Analytic philosophy

e.       Process philosophy and pragmatism

                                                               i.      Pragmatism the natural and appropriate way to assess the adequacy of any teleologically goal-directed practice is through its effectiveness and efficiency in realizing the objectives at issue

                                                             ii.      Process philosoply dynamism that prioritizes processes for things

                                                            iii.      Related by common instrument in concern for operational efficacy in the course of procedural development; prioritize a concern for effectiveness and efficiency in the context of teleological processes

1.      Descriptive

a.       Metaphysics

                                                               i.      Ontology

                                                             ii.      Psychology

                                                            iii.      Cosmology

                                                           iv.      Theodicy

b.      Criteriology

                                                               i.      Logic

                                                             ii.      Epistemology

2.      Normative

a.       Axiology

b.      Ethics

                                                               i.      Individual

                                                             ii.      Social

                                                            iii.      Special

1.      Medical

2.      Scientific

3.      Legal

4.      Business

3.      Applied

a.       Disciplines and Knowledge

                                                               i.      Law

                                                             ii.      History

                                                            iii.      Science

                                                           iv.      Religion

                                                             v.      Mathematics

                                                           vi.      Education

b.      Institutions and Individuals

                                                               i.      Philosophical consulting for institutions

                                                             ii.      Philosophical consulting for individuals


1.      Speculative

a.       Metaphysics:

b.      Ontology

c.       Cosmology

2.      Critical

    1. Epistemology
    2. Logic
    3. Semantics

3.      Judgmental

    1. Axiology

                                                   i.      Ethics

                                                 ii.      Aesthetics

    1. Sociopolitical philosophy


Types / Categories of Philosophies of Education (Outline by W. Huitt)


Realism about behavior


Constructivism: From Philosophy to Practice


Funderstanding: Constructivism


Educational Philosophy


Existentialism Philosophy


Existential Philosophy Links


Humanism Philosophy


Idealism in America


Educational Philosophy


Ancient and modern philosophy: Pragmatism

American Pragmatism

Idealism vs. Realism


Mini-Courses in (the Theistic Tradition of) Classical Realistic Philosophy



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