Philosophy of Education
General and Introductory Materials
Divisions of philosophy
· From Philosophy Class
1. Analytic philosophy – aims at precision and clarity, taking as its model the formal or empirical sciences
d. C. D. Broad
2. Continental philosophy – aims at historical depth and hermeneutical generality, taking a humanistic and value-oriented approach
3. Process philosophy – concerned with issues of priority and significance, of interpersonal action and interaction, and of larger human concerns
a. Tendency to place process philosophy within the continental philosophy group
ii. Americans influenced by continental thinking
2. Whitehead – articulated position in terms of physics
iii. Other process philosophers
1. Bergson – organic processes as central (biology); other sorts of processes as modeled on or superengrafted upon them
2. William James – based processes on psychological model; saw human thought as idealistically pragmatic
3. John Dewey – based processes on sociocultural interactions
iv. Antiprocessists principally recruited from analytic thinking
b. Major issues – these are quintessentially analytical in character
i. How does the concept of process work?
ii. What is the nature of a process?
iii. How is the conception of a process bound up with that of time?
iv. How is the temporal aspect of processes to be understood?
v. What is involved with the existence of processes? How are we to understand the claim that a center process actually exists?
vi. What sorts of processes are there? How are the processes to be classified, and what is the typology of process?
c. Unity of process philosophy is not doctrinal but thematic
d. Satisfactory articulation of process philosophy requires the
i. evaluative appraisal and historical contextualization that characterizes Continental philosophy
ii. conceptual clarification and explanatory systematization that characterizes Analytic philosophy
e. Process philosophy and pragmatism
i. Pragmatism – the natural and appropriate way to assess the adequacy of any teleologically goal-directed practice is through its effectiveness and efficiency in realizing the objectives at issue
ii. Process philosoply – dynamism that prioritizes processes for things
iii. Related by common instrument in concern for operational efficacy in the course of procedural development; prioritize a concern for effectiveness and efficiency in the context of teleological processes
a. Disciplines and Knowledge
b. Institutions and Individuals
i. Philosophical consulting for institutions
ii. Philosophical consulting for individuals
a. Metaphysics: http://www.spaceandmotion.com/metaphysics.htm
Types / Categories of Philosophies of Education (Outline by W. Huitt)
Realism about behavior
Constructivism: From Philosophy to Practice http://www.cdli.ca/~elmurphy/emurphy/cle.html
Existential Philosophy Links
Idealism in America
Ancient and modern philosophy: Pragmatism
Idealism vs. Realism
Mini-Courses in (the Theistic Tradition of) Classical Realistic Philosophy
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