Krathwol et al.'s Taxonomy of the Affective Domain

Citation: Huitt, W. (2001, April). Krathwol et al.'s taxonomy of the affective domain. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved [date], from

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The following is adapted from: Krathwohl, D., Bloom, B., & Masia, B. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives. Handbook II: Affective domain. New York: David McKay.

The taxonomy was developed to organize levels of commitment. As such it could just as properly be discussed as a regulatory system issue in the model being presented here.

Affective Domain
Level Definition Example
Being aware of or attending to something in the environment


Person would listen to a lecture or presentation about a structural model related to human behavior.
Showing some new behaviors as a result of experience
The individual would answer questions about the model or might rewrite lecture notes the next day.
Valuing Showing some definite involvement or commitment
The individual might begin to think how education may be modified to take advantage of some of the concepts presented in the model and perhaps generate a set of lessons using some of the concepts presented.
Organization Integrating a new value into one's general set of values, giving it some ranking among one's general priorities
This is the level at which a person would begin to make long-range commitments to arranging his or her instruction and assessment relative to the model.
Characterization by Value Acting consistently with the new value


At this highest level, a person would be firmly committed to utilizing the model to develop, select, or arrange instruction and would become known for that action.

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